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19 January 2022 ( 109 views )

Amniocentesis: Things That You Should Know

Amniocentesis: Things That You Should Know

What is Amniocentesis?

During pregnancy, your baby may have a genetic disease. But thanks to the advancement in the medical field, there is a common test method used to determine this disease. This method is called the Amniocentesis. It is one of the prenatal tests used during pregnancy. Thanks to this test, you can learn about the genetic diseases in your baby. In this way, you can learn the precautions you can take before your baby is born. You can also start the treatment of possible diseases.

This test is used to learn more about the health and development of the unborn baby. For example, this test can be used to reveal whether the unborn baby has a genetic disease such as Down syndrome.

Can This Test Detect Everything About Your Baby?

You should know that amniocentesis, not all risks for your baby and pregnancy are known. It can not detect all birth defects. Heart problems and structural problems such as cleft lip cannot be detected by amniocentesis. To find out about such problems, one should use another way, ultrasound. But if the parents have a significant genetic risk, it can detect the following conditions:

  • Down syndrome
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Tay-Sachs and similar diseases

Why Is an Amniocentesis Performed?

Amniocentesis poses a small risk for both mother and baby. For this reason, the doctors usually apply this prenatal test to women who are at significant risk for genetic diseases.
A few examples of significant risks:

  • Having certain birth defects in the family
  • Having a previous child or pregnancy with a birth defect
  • The mother’s age exceeds the desired conception age
  • Having an abnormal genetic test result in the current pregnancy
  • Having unexpected and abnormal ultrasound or lab scans

Attention Should Be Paid to Rest After The Procedure!

After having this test, you should spend the rest of the day resting. It is very important that you do not lift heavy or have sexual intercourse for the next 2-3 days. It’s normal to have mild cramps over the next few days. You shouldn’t worry. However, if you have painful cramps, vaginal bleeding, or high fever, you should contact your doctor immediately.


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